Frequent question: What type of DC motor is used in traction?

Traditionally, these were series-wound brushed DC motors, usually running on approximately 600 volts. The availability of high-powered semiconductors (thyristors and the IGBT) has now made practical the use of much simpler, higher-reliability AC induction motors known as asynchronous traction motors.

What types of DC motor is used in traction system?

Detailed Solution

Motor Application
DC series motor Traction system, Cranes, air compressors
DC shunt motor Lathe Machines, Centrifugal Pumps, Blowers, Conveyors, Weaving Machine, Spinning machines
DC compounded motor Presses, Shears, Elevators, Rolling Mills

What type of motor is a traction motor?

Traction motor refers to a type of electric motor. A traction motor is used to make rotation torque on a machine. It is usually changed into a straight line motion. Traction motors are used in electrically powered rail vehicles such as electric multiple units and electric locomotives.

What type of motor is used for electric traction Why?

DC motors are used on trains is because of their high torque and good speed control. Compared to AC motors, DC motors can provide industry applications with a fine balance of strong starting torque and controllable speed for seamless yet precise performance.

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What type of DC motor is most suited for traction and why?

DC series motor has develops high torque at low speeds, low torque at high speed, this is the basic requirement of traction unit. Commutating property of series motor is good so we get sparkles commutation. Torque is unaffected by variation in supply voltage. DC Series motor maintenance cost is less.

Why induction motor is used in traction?

This is the most important feature of traction motor provides opportunity for saving on energy but also smoothness in braking, saving on wear and tear in mechanical braking system. An Induction motor works as a generator if mechanical speed is more than the synchronous speed.

Are locomotives AC or DC?

Rectifier locomotives, which used AC power transmission and DC motors, were common, though DC commutators had problems both in starting and at low velocities. Today’s advanced electric locomotives use brushless three-phase AC induction motors.

Which motor is usually used in DC system of traction Mcq?

For electric traction, DC series motors are best suited. DC series motors and AC series motors are very much recommended, as they provide a high starting torque Nowadays three-phase induction motors are also being used.

How do DC traction motors work?

The DC motor works because, simply put, when a current is passed through the motor circuit, there is a reaction between the current in the field and the current in the armature which causes the armature to turn. The armature and the field are connected in series and the whole motor is referred to as “series wound”.

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